neat and feminine ! sweater pattern from 1942

Materials
Sport or fingering weight yarn, 3 ply – 7 ounces
Knitting needles US size 3 and size 5

Tension And Measurements
Worked at a tension of two repeats to 1.25 inches in width with No. 5 needles





please note that this is a very old pattern, printed in England. It appears to be quite a small size by today’s standards. I think you could make it larger by using a heavier yarn and larger needles, but since it is such an intricate and involved design, please consider carefully before you attempt to make it!

Abbreviations – To Be Read Before Working
K., Knit plain: p., purl; st., stitch; tog., together; inc., increase (by working into the front and back of the same st.); dec., decrease (by working 2 sts. tog.); m., make, (by bringing the wool to the front of the needle and over it before knitting the new st., or by bringing the wool to the front of the needle, over it and to the front again before a purl st.); single rib is k.1 and p.1 alternately; p.s.s.o., pass sl. st. over. Directions in brack-ets are worked the number of times stated after the brackets. To “lift 1,” put the right-hand needle under the horizontal thread that lies between the two sts., lift it on to the left-hand needle and k. into the back of it.

To Work the Back
Begin at the lower edge by casting on 109 sts. with No. 3 needles and work two foundation rows as follows:
1st row: P.2. (k.2, p.2) 9 times, work 33 sts. in single rib, beginning and ending with k. 1. (p.2, k.2) 9 times, p.2





2nd row: K. 2. (p.2. k.2) 9 times, single rib 33, beginning and ending p.1, (k.2, p.2) 9 times k. 2.

Now begin the pattern:

1st pattern row: (Right side): P.2, (k.1, m.1, lift 1, m.1, k.1, p.2) 9 times, rib 33, (p.2, k.1, m.1, lift 1, m.1, k.1) 9 times, p.2.
2nd row: K. 2, (p. 5. k. 2) 9 times, rib 33, (k.2, p.5) 9 times, k.2.
3rd row: P.2, (sI.1, k.1, p.s.s.o., k.1, k.2 tog., p.2) 9 times, rib 33. (p. 2, sl.1, k.1, p.s.s.o., k.1. k.2 tog.) 9 times, p.2.
4th row: K.2, (p.3, k.2) 9 times, rib 33, (k.2, p.3) 9 times. k.2.
5th row: P.2, (insert right needle from right to left through the next st. on left-hand needle (as if about to purl), while in that position pass. the needle through the 2nd st. on left needle in the ordinary way, but at the same time bring it through the 1st st. and knit it. (The first st. is still on left needle unworked.) Put the right needle through the 1st st. from front to back, and slip it on to right needle, k. the next st. and pass the slipped st. over, p. 2) 9 times. rib 33, p. 2, then work the pattern in brackets to end of row.
6th row: K.2, (p.2, k.2) 9 times, rib 33, (k.2, p.2) 9 times. k.2.

Repeat these 6 pattern rows 6 times more, then change to No. 5 needles and work another pattern.

Continue in pattern and inc.1 st. at each end of the next row and every following 12th row until 4 inc. rows have been worked. (These extra sts. should be purled on the right side and knitted on the wrong.)
Finish the pattern in progress then work 4 patterns more, making 19 patterns from the beginning.

To Shape the Armholes: 1st row: Cast off 4, (1 st. on needle), p.1. (k.1. m.1, lift 1. m.1, k.1, p.2) 9 times, rib 33, (p.2, k.1, m.1, lift 1, m.1. k.1) 9 times, p. 6.
2nd row: Cast, off 4. (1 st. on needle), k.1, (p. 5, k.2) 9 times, rib 33, * k.2, p.5; repeat from * until 2 remain, k.2.
3rd row: Cast off 4, (1 st. on needle), k.2. tog., p.2. (slip 1, k.1, p.s.s.o., k.1, k.2 tog., p.2) work brackets to the single rib panel, rib 33, * p.2. slip 1. k.1, p.s.s.o., k.1, k.2 tog. repeat from * until 2 remain. p.2.
4th row: Cast off 4, k.2, then p.3 and k.2 as far as the panel, rib 33, k.2 and p.3 alternately, ending with p.2.
5th row: Cast off 4, then pass the resulting st. back to the left-hand needle, work as brackets in the 5th row of pattern, rib 33, p.2, then pattern in brackets ending the row with p.2, k.1.
6th row: Cast off 3. p.1. k.2, then p.2 and k.2 alternately to the panel, rib 33, k. 2 and p. 2 alternately to end.
7th row: Cast off 4 and put the resulting st. back on left-hand needle and let it count as a first k. st. when working the following in brackets, (k.1, m.1, lift 1, m.1, k.1, p.2): repeat brackets to panel, rib 33, p.2; repeat brackets until 2 remain, k.2.
8th row: Cast off 4, p.4, then k.2 and p.5 alternately to the panel, rib 33, k.2 and p.5 alternately to end.
9th row: Cast off 5, p.1, (slip 1, k.1, p.s.s.o., k.1, k.2 tog, p.2): repeat brackets to panel, rib 33, p.2; repeat brackets to end, omitting the last p.2.
10th row: Cast off 3, k.1, then p.3 and k.2 alternately to panel, rib 33, k.2, then p.3 and k.2 alternately to end.
Finish the pattern in progress, then work 7 patterns more to the shoulder line.

To Slope The Shoulders: Cast off 8 sts. at the beginning of the next 8 rows, working in 2-and-2 rib over the pattern part, then cast off the remaining sts.

The Front
Work this the same as the back until 5 complete patterns have been worked after the armhole shaping.

The Left Front Shoulder: 1st row: work the pattern as first row, then rib 16. Turn, leaving the remaining sts. for the right half on a stitch-holder.
2nd row: Cast off 10 for the neck (1 st. on needle), work the 5 rib sts. and finish the row in pattern.
Work 16 rows more in pattern, with a dec. at the end of the 1st and every alternate row, to shape the neck.

To Slope The Shoulder: Working in 2-and-2 rib, cast off 8 sts. at the beginning of the next row and each alternate row (arm end), until all the left shoulder sts. are cast off.
The Right Front Shoulder
Return to the sts. on the holder, and beginning in the middle of the front, cast off 11 sts. for the neck (1 st. on needle), rib .5, and finish the row as 1st pattern row.
Work 16 rows more in pattern with a dec. at the neck edge in the 1st and every alternate row.
To Slope the Shoulder: Cast off 8 sts. at the beginning of the next row (arm end) and every alternate row, until all these shoulder sts. are cast off.

The Sleeves
Begin at the lower edge by casting on 82 sts. with No. 3 needles and work two patterns as at the beginning of the back. Change to No. 5 needles and work 6 patterns, and 4 rows of the next pattern.

To Shape the Top: Cast off 4 sts. at the beginning of the next 2 rows, then work 8 patterns more, decreasing 1st. at each end of the 1st, 3rd and 5th rows. Cast off the remaining sts. (The top of sleeve can also be worked in single rib to match the panel it preferred.)
Work the second sleeve in the same way.

The Collar
With No. 3 needles cast on 105 sts. and work 2 rows in single rib, then work 9 rows more and inc. at the end of the last row (106 sts.).
Work the first 5 pattern rows as on the Back, but without the single rib panel.
6th row: (P.2. k.2 tog., back, k.1) 26 times, p.2.
7th row: (K.2. p.2) 26 times, k.2.
Cast off loosely in rib.





To Make Up The Sweater
Sew shoulder seams, beginning at the arm edge and taking 1st. from each side at a time. Set the sleeves in the armholes, gathering the fullness at the top. Sew the cast-on edge of the collar to the neck edge taking care not to contract the neck opening. Join the side and sleeve seams in one line and stroke the seams with the top of a thimble.

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